Monaghan, William Patrick. “Frequencies of Blood Group Antigens in the Lumbee Indians of North Carolina.” Thesis. Bowling Green State U, 1974.
Blood from 130 older, isolated, agricultural Lumbees did not show significant genetic contributions from Cherokees, Blacks or Seminoles. Lumbees “could have undergone admixture with early White settlers and Tuscarora Indians” (p. 37).