Tribal name and identity

Key Sources

Record Number Citation
LUMB011

Lumbee by grace: landmarks in Lumbee identity. Videocassette. 29.20 minutes. Pembroke, NC: Museum of the Native American Resource Center, Mass Communications Dept., and Media Integration Project, UNC-Pembroke, 2002. Remastered as DVD, 2007. Key source

MAYN005

Maynor, Malinda. Real Indian. Videocassette (1/2 in, sound, color). 7.5 min. New York: Women Make Movies, 1996. DVD re-release, 2009. Key source

57

Lumbee River Legal Services. The Lumbee Petition.  Prepared in cooperation with the Lumbee Tribal Enrollment Office.  Julian T. Pierce and Cynthia Hunt-Locklear, authors.  Jack Campisi and Wesley White, consultants.  Pembroke, NC: Lumbee River Legal Services, 1987. Key source

Sources

Record Number Citation
ROBE023

"Chairman on spending spree; Lumbee need new leadership [Letter to the Editor]." Robesonian [Lumberton, NC]. October 18, 2017.

SINC002

Sinclair, Tomeka. "N.C. 71 stretch now honors Goins." Robesonian [Lumberton, NC]. October 11, 2017.

SMOO001

Smoot, Ryan. "Lumbee Tribe could be fully federally recognized with new bill." Daily Tarheel [Chapel Hill, NC]. October 3, 2017.

SHIL066

Shiles, Bob. "Tribal Council wants Lumber River renamed to honor Lumbee." Robesonian [Lumberton, NC] September 21, 2017.

MCGE001

McGee, Kendall. "Hearing scheduled for act that would grant Lumbee full federal recognition." WBTW.com [Florence, SC] September 19, 2017.

HAHN001

Hahn, Jonathan. “North Carolina hits the brakes on the Atlantic Coast Pipeline.” The Sierra Club [Oakland, California] September 15, 2017.

SNEE001

Sneed, Richard. “Principal Chief’s Report- Tuesday, Sept. 5, 2017.” Cherokee One Feather [Cherokee, NC]. September 5, 2017.

ROBE16

"Tribe gets Smithsonian showcase [Editorial]." The Robesonian [Lumberton, NC]. September 1, 2017.

BRIT005

Britt, Grant. "National Folk Festival: Dark Water Rising led by soulful powerhouse." Greensboro News and Record [Greensboro, NC] August 17, 2017.

SHIL067

Shiles, Bob. "Godwin high on recognition." The Red Springs Citizen [Red Springs, NC]. August 6, 2017. 

RILE001

Riley, Anissa. "Vet Med partnership with UNC Pembroke to strengthen industry workforce, diversity." Tuskeegee University [Tuskeegee, AL]. July 31, 2017.

SHIL070

Shiles, Bob. "Locklear sends in letter of resignation." St. Pauls Review [St. Paul, NC] July 25, 2017.

SHIL076

Shiles, Bob. "Road named to honor late tribal leader." Red Springs Citizen [Red Springs, NC]. July 4, 2017.

ROBE022

"Lumbee youth to present films [Staff report]." The Robesonian [Lumberton, NC]. July 1, 2017.

CLAB001

Clabby, Catherine. "Investigating Heart Health for Lumbee Women." North Carolina Health News. April 7, 2017.

SHIL039

Shiles, Bob. “Lumbee Tribal Council upholds 3-year enrollment rule.” The Robesonian (Lumberton, NC). May 20, 2016

SHIL020

Baxley, Jaymie. “Miss Lumbee suspended in music video controversy.” Richmond County Daily Journal (Rockingham, NC) January 21, 2016. 

POLL003

Pollitt, Phoebe. “The Lumbee Indian Nurses.” Minority Nurse, Springer Publishing Company. November 19, 2015.

BAXL002

Baxley, Jaymie. “Brick by Brick: Lumbee Tribal Housing Complex - | Behind the tribe’s turtle-shaped HQ.” The Robesonian (Lumberton, NC). October 3, 2015

LOCK059

Locklear, Eric. “New group wants Lumbee people to guide government.” The Robesonian (Lumberton, NC). April 13, 2015

HANN001

Hannel, Eric. Reinterpreting a Native American Identity: Examining the Lumbee Through the Peoplehood Model. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2015.

LOWE003

Lowery, Malinda Maynor. "Racial science and federal recognition: Lumbee Indians in the Jim Crow South." In Recognition, sovereignty struggles, & indigenous rights in the United States: a sourcebook. Ed. Amy E. Den Ouden and Jean M. O'Brien. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 2013. Pp. 65-94.

641

McKellar, Brenda C.  “A Name to Live By.”  Unpub. typescript.  N.d.

590

 

Josiah William Bailey Papers.  Special Collections Department, Perkins Library, Duke University.  [Not seen.]

 

LOWR006

Lowry, David S, and James L. Peacock. For the Healing of the Nations: Lumbee Indian Community, Christian Missions, and the Transformative Power of Intervention. Diss. Chapel Hill, N.C: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2012.

OWIN001

Owings, Alison. “A trio of Lumbees. Pamela Brooks Sweeney, Curt Locklear, and Mary and Cummings Jacobs.”  Indian voices: Listening to Native Americans.  New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 2011.  37–61.

BLOG035

Locklear, Arlinda. "Part 2: Reflections on the Battle for Lumbee Recognition." YouTube. 28 April 2010.

LOWR005

Lowry, David S. "I know you! Understanding racial experience within the Lumbee Indian community." M. A. thesis. U of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2010. Web.

BOW0001

Bow, Leslie. “The interstitial Indian: The Lumbee and segregation's middle caste.” Partly colored: Asian Americans and racial anomaly in the segregated South. New York: New York UP, 2010. 57-89; notes, 246-49.

NACO001

Nacoste, Rupert W. "Post-racial?: Something even more bizarre and inexplicable." Making connections: Interdisciplinary approaches to cultural diversity 11.1 (2009): 1-10.

LOWE002

Lowery, Malinda Maynor. "Indians, Southerners, and Americans: Race, tribe, and nation during ‘Jim Crow’." Native South 2 (2009): 1-22.

BAIL002

Bailey, Anna. “How Scuffletown became Indian Country: Political change and transformations in Indian identity in Robeson County, North Carolina, 1865-1956.” Dissertation. U of Washington, 2008.

GROS002

Gross, Ariela J. “Citizenship of the little races.” What blood won't tell: a history of race on trial in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2008. 111-139.

YATE002

Yates, Gale Graham. "The North Carolina Lumbee people as seen through a visit with Linda Oxendine." Southern ethnicities. Ed. Theodosiadou, Youli. Thessaloniki [Greece]: Kornelia Sfakianaki Editions, 2008. [115]-29.

OXEN009

Oxendine, David Bryan. Perceived fairness of an ethnic validation procedure: implications for Lumbee federal recognition. Saarbrucken, Germany: VDM Verlag Dr. Muller, 2007.

GONZ001

Gonzalez, Angela, Judy Kertesz, and Gabrielle Tayak. "Eugenics as Indian Removal: Sociohistorical Processes and the De(con)struction of American Indians in the Southeast." The Public Historian 29.3 (2006): 53-67.

SING001

Singh, Renee. "Our roots go back to Roanoke: Investigating the link between the Lost Colony and the Lumbee People of North Carolina [Unpublished undergraduate student essay]." Prized Writing [UC Davis] 2006.

MAYN021

Maynor, Malinda. "Native American identity in the segregated South: The Indians of Robeson County, North Carolina, 1872-1956." Dissertation. U of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2005.

OXEN008

Oxendine, David Bryan. "The effects of social exclusion threat and justifications on perceived fairness of an ethnic validation procedure: Implications for Lumbee federal recognition." Dissertation. North Carolina State U, 2004.

YEAD001

Yeadon, Tim. “Hundreds mourn, remember Revels.” Greensboro News & Record (Greensboro, NC). July 14, 2003

ELLI003

Elliott, Carl. “Adventures in the gene pool.” The Wilson quarterly 27.1 (2003): 12-21.

CELL001

Cella, Matthew. “Activist forces retitling of play; change omits use of ‘Indians’.” Washington Times November 12, 2002: B1. 773 words.

LUMB010

“Lumbee video project gets lift from Harvey Godwin.” University Newswire (University of North Carolina at Pembroke) 14 August 2002.

KNIC028

Knick, Stanley. “Along the Robeson Trail (column).” Carolina Indian Voice 21 March 2002: 3.

FERR001

Ferreri, Eric. “American Indians seek voice at UNC; the Carolina Indian Circle is quickly lobbying for increased recognition.” Chapel Hill Herald Monday, 6 November 2000: page 1. 852 words.

HUNT010

Hunt, Cynthia L. “Looking back while walking forward (column): Confederation of Red Men's Lodge.” Carolina Indian Voice 27 July 2000: 4.

LUMB007

Lowry, D.F. “Lumbee Indian Act of 1953: its origin and rationale.” Looking back while walking forward (column). Carolina Indian Voice Thursday, 6 July 2000: 4.

BRAY006

Brayboy, Bryan McKinley. “The Indian and the researcher: tales from the field.” International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education 13.4 (July/August 2000): 415 (12 pages).

LOCK010

Locklear-Brayboy, Ervin. “What's in Lumbee name? Not much.” Robesonian Friday, June 16, 2000, p. 4A.

LOCK010

Locklear-Brayboy, Ervin. “What's in Lumbee name? Not much.” Robesonian Friday, June 16, 2000, p. 4A.

HUNT005

Hunt, Cynthia L. “Looking back while walking forward (column).” Carolina Indian Voice June 1, 2000: page 6.

BRAY007

Brayboy, Bryan McKinley, and Donna Deyhle. “Insider-outsider: researchers in American Indian communities.” Theory into Practice 39.3 (Summer 2000): 163 (7 pages).

KNIC004

Knick, Stanley. “Along the Robeson Trail (column).” Carolina Indian Voice 18 March 1999: 6.

KNIC003

Knick, Stanley. “Along the Robeson Trail (column).” Carolina Indian Voice 11 March 1999: 4.

KNIC012

Knick, Stanley. “Along the Robeson Trail (column).” Carolina Indian Voice 28 January 1999:2.

KNIC010

Knick, Stanley. “Along the Robeson Trail (column).” Carolina Indian Voice 21 January 1999:3.

KNIC011

Knick, Stanley. “Along the Robeson Trail (column).” Carolina Indian Voice 14 January 1999:3.

KNIC014

Knick, Stanley. “Along the Robeson Trail (column).” Carolina Indian Voice 31 December 1998:3.

KNIC015

Knick, Stanley. “Along the Robeson Trail (column).” Carolina Indian Voice 24 December 1998:3.

KNIC016

Knick, Stanley. “Along the Robeson Trail (column).” Carolina Indian Voice 17 December 1998:3.

LUMB006

“Lumbee tribe to help host NCAI convention.” Carolina Indian Voice 15 October 1998: 1.

KNIC008

Knick, Stanley. “Along the Robeson Trail (column).” Carolina Indian Voice 4 March 1998: 6.

MARK002

Marks, Heather Forbis. “'Same ingredients, different labels': marking tribal boundaries at the North Carolina Indian Cultural Center.” Thesis. Wake Forest U, 1998. 154 pages.

BRYA001

Bryant, Alfred, Jr. “A validation of Helms' People of Color Racial Identity Attitude Scale with a Native American Population.” Diss. North Carolina State University, 1998. 75pp.

BRAY005

Brayboy, Mary E., and Mary Y. Morgan. “Voices of Indianness: the lived world of Native American women.” Women's Studies International Forum 21.4 (1998): 341-354.

CHAV002

Chavis, Ben. “What is Lumbee Indian culture? Does it exist?” In: A good Cherokee, a good anthropologist: papers in honor of Robert K. Thomas. Ed. Steve Pavlik. Los Angeles: American Indian Studies Center, University of California, Los Angeles, 1998. Pp. 177-188.

ROLO001

Rolo, Mark Anthony. “Native filmmaker's work shown at Sundance Film Festival.” The Circle 18.2 (28 February 1997): 9.

CRO0001

“Cro, Croatan.” In: The color of words: an encyclopedic dictionary of ethnic bias in the United States. By Philip H. Herbst. Intercultural P, 1997. Page 62.

OXEN002

Oxendine, David. “Racial identity development among Lumbee American Indian college students on a predominantly white campus.” Diss (Counselor Education). North Carolina State U, 1995. 122 pages.

DEIF001

Deifell, David Chapman. “A violation of human rights: a postmodern critique of the Federal Acknowledgment Program including a case study on the Lumbee Indians.” Honors essay. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1994. 88 pages.

OUTL001

Outlaw, Marpessa Dawn. “The red and the black.” Emerge 4.6 (April 30, 1993): 50.

696

Shepard, John, Jr.  “Recognition Process Needs Revision.”  Robesonian 21 March 1993: 45.

695

"Lumberton Youth Stumps Clinton on TV.”  Robesonian 21 Feb. 1993: 1A.

694

Hunt, Cynthia L.  “A Guide to Understanding Lumbee History.”  Robesonian 5 Jan. 1993: 4A.

MONT001

Montgomerie, Deborah. “Coming to terms: Ngai Tahu, Robeson County Indians and the Garden Band of Ojibwa, 1840-1940. Three studies of colonialism in action.” Diss. Duke U, 1993.

693

Siceloff, Bruce.  “Identity and Honor: Lumbee Indians and the Quest for Recognition.”  News and Observer 20 Oct. 1991: 1J.

679

Locklear, Barbara Brayboy.  “Land of the Lumbee.”  Unpublished typescript.  1989.  5p.  [IERC]  Rpt. in Robesonian 29 Sept. 1991: 4A.

692

“Lumbee Bill Reintroduced.”  Robesonian 14 March 1991: 1A.

GREE001

Greenbaum, Susan. “What's in a label? Identity problems of Southern Indian tribes.” Journal of Ethnic Studies 19.2 (1991):107-126.

GREE002

Greenbaum, Susan. “What’s in a label? Identity problems of Southern Indian tribes.” Journal of Ethnic Studies 19.2 (1991):107-126.

691

Henderson, Bruce.  “Martin Names Charlotte Woman to Head NC Indian Commission.”  Charlotte Observer 9 Aug. 1990: 3D.

690

Guyton, Nanette.  “Lumbee Leaders Vow to Continue to Fight for Recognition.”  Robesonian 11 Feb. 1990: 1A.

689

Guyton, Nanette.  “House Panel To Vote Today on Lumbee Recognition.”  Robesonian 7 Feb. 1990: 1A.

688

Guyton, Nanette.  “Tribal Lawyer: Ruling Will Help Chances for Lumbee Bill.”  Robesonian 19 Jan. 1990: 1A.

687

Allday, Martin L.  “Memorandum ... Interpretation of the Lumbee Act.”  Washington: Office of the Solicitor, US Dept. of Interior, 20 Nov. 1989.  4 p.

686

Perdue, Theda.  “Native Southerners.”  Southern Changes [Atlanta: Southern Regional Council] 11.5 (Nov. 1989): 1, 4-8.

685

Lavell, William G.  “Memorandum To: Deputy to the Assistant Secretary—Indian Affairs (Tribal Services).  From: Associate Solicitor, Indian Affairs.  Subject: Lumbee Recognition Legislation.”  Washington: Office of the Solicitor, US Dept. of Interior, 23 Oct. 1989.  Correspondence no. BIA.IA.0929  5p.  Rpt. in House Report 101-685 (Bibliography entry 1384), House Report 102-215 (Bibliography entry 1387), and Senate Report 102-251 (Bibliography entry 1388).

684

Guyton, Nanette.  “Helms Is at Odds with Lumbee Recognition Petitioners.”  Robesonian 31 May 1989: 1.

683

Healey, Jon.  “Sanford Introduces Bill to Give Lumbees Full Federal Recognition, but No Aid.”  Winston-Salem Journal 4 May 1989: 36.

682

Witten, Scott.  “Lumbees Use Cheraw Link in Effort for Recognition.”  Robesonian 2 April 1989: 1A.

681

“Indian Peace Talks Canceled.”  Robesonian 8 March 1989: B1.

680

Witten, Scott.  “Pembroke Native Honored for Human Relations Work.” Robesonian 6 March 1989: 1A.

678

Talbert, Melissa.  “Lumbee Recognition Is Debated.”  Robesonian 4 Nov. 1988: 1A.

677

Talbert, Malissa.  “National Indian Group Endorses Recognition for Lumbees.” Robesonian 3 Nov. 1988: 1A.

676

“Cherokee Opposition Helped Kill Bill on Lumbees.”  Charlotte Observer 30 Sept. 1988: 5B.

675

“Updates: Senate Committee Favors Lumbee Recognition.”  Daybreak 2.4 (Autumn 1988): 27.

674

Gibbs, Jeralene. “Leaders Optimistic About Lumbee Recognition.”  Robesonian 15 Aug. 1988: 1A.

673

Patterson, Dennis.  “Lumbees Await Word from Congress on Recognition.”  Charlotte Observer 3 Aug. 1988: 3E.

672

Price, Mark.  “‘Man with No Shoes’ Lends Lumbees Hand—Wes White, Advocate of Native Americans.”  Fayetteville Times 8 Dec. 1987: 13A.

671

Henderson, Bruce.  “Lumbees Fight for Recognition as Tribe.”  Charlotte Observer 15 Oct. 1987: 1A.

670

Clotfelter, Sallie.  “Pembroke Has Special Place in the Hearts of Lumbee Indians.”  Greensboro News and Record 2 Nov. 1986: G1.

669

Hazel, Forest.  “Black, White & ‘Other’: The Struggle for Recognition.”  Southern Exposure 13.6 (Nov.-Dec. 1985): 34-37.

668

98th Cong.  1st Session.  Oversight of the Federal Acknowledgement Process.  Hearing, Select Comm. on Indian Affairs.  S.Hrg. 98-690.  Y4.In2/11:S.hrg.98-690 (CIS 1984: S961-13)  164p.  Dated 21 July 1983.

667

Bizzell, Oscar M., ed.  The Heritage of Sampson County, North Carolina.  Newton Grove, NC: Sampson County Historical Society with Hunter Pub. Co., 1983.  Pp. 83-84.

666

Wilkins, David Eugene.  “An Analysis of Colonial, State, and Federal ‘Definitions of Indian’.”  Thesis.  U of Arizona, 1982.

665

Berde, Stuart.  Coharie Reemergence: Attaining Religious and Educational Freedom in Eastern North Carolina, 1850c-Present.  Lumbee River Legal Services and Coharie Intra-Tribal Council, 1982.

664

Words of Today’s American Indian Women, Ohoyo Makachi: A First  Collection of Oratory by American Indian/Alaska Native Women.  Washington: U.S. Dept. of Education; Wichita Falls, TX: Prepared and distributed by Ohoyo, Inc., 1981.

663

Costo, Rupert.  “An Object Lesson: The Lumbee Observance of Indian Heritage Week.”  Wassaja: The Indian Historian 13.3 (Sept. 1980): 51-52.

662

“NCAI Considers Lumbees for Tribal Membership.”  Wassaja: The Indian Historian 13.2 (June 1980): 50.

661

Lynn, Lynette B.  “Indian Status Proved.”  Robesonian 1 May 1980: 17.

660

Fanning, Adrian.  “On Certification Moving Slowly.”  Fayetteville Observer-Times 13 April 1980: 1B-2B.

659

“Lumbee Petition Demands Federal Recognition of Tribal Status.”  Wassaja: The Indian Historian 13.1 (March 1980): 60.  Rpt. in Carolina Indian Voice 19 June 1980: 8.

659

“Lumbee Petition Demands Federal Recognition of Tribal Status.”  Wassaja: The Indian Historian 13.1 (March 1980): 60.  Rpt. in Carolina Indian Voice 19 June 1980: 8.

658

Rose, Hewitt.  “Lumbee Indians and the Law.”  Memorandum to John Merritt and Andria Turner, 16 Aug. 1979.  30 p.

657

Maynor, Douglas W. “Claims Cherokee Name for Robeson Indians.”  Robesonian 4 July 1979.

656

North Carolina Commission of Indian Affairs.  “A Historical Perspective about the Indians of North Carolina and an Overview of the Commission of Indian Affairs.”  North Carolina Historical Review 56.2 (April 1979): 177-87.

655

Blu, Karen I.  “The Uses of History for Ethnic Identity: The Lumbee Case.”  Currents in Anthropology: Essays in Honor of Sol Tax.  Ed. Robert Hinshaw.  The Hague: Mouton, 1979. Pp. [271]-85.

654

“The Lumbees: Their Status Is a Knotty Problem.”  Durham Morning Herald 19 Aug. 1978.

653

Vaden, Ted.  “Indians Wage War of Names.”  News and Observer 7 Aug. 1978: 25.

652

95th Cong.  2nd Sess.  Hearing ... on S. 2375, to Establish an Administrative Procedure and Guidelines to be Followed by the Dept. of Interior in its Decision to Acknowledge the Existence of Certain Indian Tribes.  Senate Select Comm. on Indian Affairs.  Dated 18 April 1978.  (CIS 1978, S961-16.)

651

Zucchino, David.  “The Lumbees.”  News and Observer 18 Sept. 1977: 4-1.

650

Warren, Harold.  “Are They Indians?  Congress Must Decide.”  Charlotte Observer 2 May 1977: 1.

649

Deloria, Vine, Jr.  A Better Day for Indians.  New York: Field Foundation, 1977.  Pp. 19-21.

648

Blu, Karen I.  “Varieties of Ethnic Identity: Anglo-Saxons, Blacks, Indians, and Jews in a Southern County.”  Ethnicity 4.3 (1977): 263-86.

647

Woods, Ruth Dial.  “A Position Paper Presented to the American Indian Policy Review Commission–Task Force #10, Terminated and Nonfederally Recognized Indians, April 16, 1976.”  Unpublished typescript.  8 p.

 

645

U.S.  Senate.  Select Comm. on Indian Affairs.  American Indian Policy Review Commission.  Task Force Ten.  Report on Terminated and Non Federally Recognized Indians.  Washington: GPO, 1976.  Pp. 160-73.

646

American Indian Policy Review Commission.  “Public Hearing.”  Pembroke, April 16 and 17, 1976.  Fayetteville, NC: Worth Reporting Co., 1976.

644

“Adolph Dial Named to American Indian Policy Review Commission.”  Carolina Indian Voice 13 March 1975: 1. 

643

“Senator Jesse Helms Reintroduces Amended Lumbee Bill.”  Carolina Indian Voice 23 Jan. 1975: 1.

642

“Lumbee Bill Revision Dies in 93rd Congress; Senator Sam Ervin Disavowal Strikes Death  Blow.”  Carolina Indian Voice 24 Dec. 1974: 1.

640

Betts, Jack.  “Rose Seeks Aid for Lumbees.”  Greensboro Daily News 28 Aug. 1974: B1.

638

“Legal History Between Lumbee Indians and the United States Congress.”  Unpublished typescript.  [1974?]  [8] p.

639

Woods, Ruth Dial.  “Testimony: Indian Definition Study.”  Pembroke: R. D. Woods, [1974?]  75 p.

637

Nichols, Rick.  “Indian Rights Is Smoldering Issue.”  News and Observer 11 March 1973: Sec. 1 p. 5.

636

“Indian Delegates Launch Drive Here.” News and Observer 18 March 1972: 10.

635

“New Pembroke Facility [Henry Berry Lowry College] To Teach Indian Culture.”  News and Observer 14 Feb. 1972: 5.

634

Blu, Karen I.  “‘We People’: Understanding Lumbee Indian Identity in a Tri-Racial Situation.”  Diss.  U of Chicago, 1972.

633

Barton, Lew.  “Evidence of legal ‘Indianness’ shown in long-lost document.”  Robesonian 6 Dec. 1971: 11.

632

Olson, Delmar W.  “The Lumbee Community: A Proposal to Restore, Reactivate, Recreate, Perpetuate, Promote the Lumbee Culture and to Establish a Lumbee Identity Expressible Within the Totality of the Lumbee Community.”  Written for Lumbee Regional Development Commission.  Unpublished typescript.  5 April 1971.  5 p.

631

Bledsoe, Jerry.  “Lumbee Pride and Politics: ‘A Mighty Stirring’ of People.”  Greensboro Daily News 19 Jan. 1971: A1.

630

Johnson, Guy B.  “What’s In a Name: The Case of the Lumbee Indians.”  Paper delivered at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Anthropological Society, Athens, GA.  9 April 1970.  8 p.  [Included in entry 468.]

629

Indian Voices: The First Convocation of American Indian Scholars.  San Francisco: Indian Historian P, 1970.  Pp. 117-23.

628

“Sampson’s Indians Once Operated Own Schools.”  The Sampsonian [Clinton, NC] 31 March 1966.

627

“Pembroke Indian Conference Ends.”  Scottish Chief 24 April 1961.

626

Gray, Penn.  “‘Indian Nations’ Sends Envoys to Tell Lumbees About Unity.”  Robesonian 2 Sept. 1959?

 

625

Maynor, Lacy W.  “The Trail of the 20th Century Brave.”  Address.  National Congress of American Indians, 15th Annual Convention, Missoula, Montana, 15 (?) Sept. 1958.

624

“Group Approves Name-Change for Robeson Indians.”  News and Observer 26 Feb. 1953: 11.

623

“Indians Plan to Fight Bill.”  News and Observer 21 Feb.1953: 7.

622

“Indians Vote Name Change.”  News and Observer 5 Feb. 1952:  1.

621

Gray, Penn.  “30,000 North Carolinians Vote Themselves a  Name.”  The State 19 (26 Jan. 1952): 6-7, 14.  Rpt. in Carolina Indian Voice 14 Dec. 1978: 9; 3 Nov. 1983: 10.

620

Sharpe, Helen Seawell.  “Indians Voice Name Change Opinions.”  Robesonian 23 Jan. 1952:  1.

619

“Robeson Indians Will Vote on Name ... Feb. 2.”  Robesonian 8 Jan. 1952: 1.

618

“Indians’ Historic Heritage Retold as Petition Circulates.”  Hamlet News-Messenger 28 Aug. 1951.

617

“‘Lumbee Indians’ Designated in Bill Introduced by Watts.”  Robesonian 5 April 1951:  1.

616

“Indians Approve Change in Name.”  Robesonian 2 April 1951: 1, 7.

615

“Robeson Indians To Decide Name ....”  News and Observer 30 March 1951: 24.

614

Maynor, Jesse.  “Says Indians Have ‘God-Given Rights’.”  Robesonian 9 May 1949: 4.

613

“Says Indians in Town of Pembroke and Educated Members of Race Have Not Taken Part in Recent Agitation.”  Robesonian 25 April 1949: 1.

612

“Pembroke Indians Organize to Obtain ‘Special Rights’.”  Robesonian 22 April 1949: 1.

611

“First Annual Robeson County Indian Fair to Close Saturday in Pembroke.”  Robesonian 31 Oct. 1947: 1.

610

Zimmerman, William.  Letter to Joseph Brooks.  Washington: Office of Indian Affairs, US Dept. of the Interior, stamped 12 Dec. 1938.  Correspondence no. Ind-Org. 71526-38.  [3] p.

609

Sharpe, J. A., Jr.  “Siouan Council’s Main Objective Realized in Indian Resettlement Project, Biggest Federal Benefit.”  Robesonian 22 July 1938: 1.

608

McNickle, D’Arcy.  “Memorandum [for the Commissioner of Indian Affairs].  Re: Indians of Robeson County, North Carolina.”  Washington: Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1 May 1936.  13 p.

607

McNickle, D’Arcy.  “Memorandum [for the Commissioner of Indian Affairs].  Re: Indians of Robeson County, North Carolina.”  Washington: Bureau of Indian Affairs, 7 April 1936.  7 p.

 

606

Cohen, Felix S.  “Memorandum for the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.”  Washington: Office of the Solicitor, US Dept. of the Interior, 8 April 1935.

605

 

Mrs. What-Nots.  “Leaving the Siouans and Going to the Cherokees.”  Robesonian 3 May 1934: 4.

 

603

“The Cherokee Indians’ Objection to the ‘Siouan Bill.’”  Robesonian 26 April 1934: 4.

604

“Robeson Indians Farther Advanced, Speaker Asserts.”  Robesonian 26 April 1934: 6.

601

“The Cherokees’ Objection to the ‘Siouan Bill’.”  Robesonian 23 April 1934: 4.

602

“Indians at Big Mass Meeting Vote Unanimously to Adopt Name Siouan.”  Robesonian 23 April 1934: 1, 8.

600

“Indians Protest Strongly Against Name of ‘Siouan’.”  Robesonian 19 April 1934: 1.

599

McInnis, N.  “Thoughts Regarding Indians of Robeson.”  Robesonian 5 March 1934: 4.

598

Hunt, L. B.  “There’s No History of a Tribe Named Croatan.”  Robesonian 26 Feb. 1934: 1.

597

Godwin, W. H.  “Proposed Change of Name to Siouan.”  Robesonian 26 Feb. 1934: 4.

596

Sharpe, J. A., Jr.  “Dispute of Robeson Indians Over New Name Based on Motives for Adoption.”  Robesonian 19 Feb. 1934: 1.

595

Sharpe, J. A., Jr.  “Sentiment Among Indians Divided on Change of Name.”  Robesonian 15 Feb. 1934: 1.

594

The Diamond Kid.  “As the Wind Changeth—A New Name.”  [Poem.]  Dated 14 Feb. 1934.  Rpt. in Thomas (entry 569), p. 248.

593

“Robeson Indians Would Be Called Siouans under Senate Bill.”  Robesonian 12 Feb. 1934: 1.

592

“Croatans Again Seek Recognition.”  Charlotte Observer 4 Feb. 1934: 3-1.

591

Ashe, S. A.  “The Croatans.”  News and Observer 20 Oct. 1933: 4.

589

Butler, George E.  The Croatan Indians of Sampson County, North Carolina: Their Origin and Racial Status: A Plea for Separate Schools.  Durham, NC: Seeman Printery, 1916.

588

McMillan, Hamilton.  Letter to O. M. McPherson, Special Indian Agent.  2 Aug. 1914.  Rpt. in McPherson (entry 49), Exhibit M, pp. 242-3.

587

“Uncle Sam Is Probing Identity of Croatans: To Ascertain if They Are Branch of Cherokees.”  Wilmington Star 2 Aug. 1914.

586

“Investigation of Indians: Simmons and Godwin Want to Know Whether There Are Any Lands or Monies Due Indians of Robeson and Adjoining Counties from the Government.”  Robesonian 30 April 1914: 1.

585

“Cherokee Indians of Robeson: Rightful and Ancient Name of Indians of Robeson and Adjacent Counties Restored.”  Robesonian 13 March 1913: 4.

584

“Croatans Want Name Cherokees: The Rival Indian Forces Appeal to Legislature.”  News and Observer 4 Feb. 1911: P. 3 col. 1.

583

Hunt, James.  “Seriously Objects to the Name ‘Croatan’.”  Robesonian 11 Aug. 1910: 3.

582

Locklear, A. S.  “A Protest.  The Indians of Robeson Merely Want Their Original Name and Are Not ‘Pursuing a Shadow’.”  Robesonian 7 (8?) Feb. 1910: 8.

581

“Croatan to Cherokee:  Croatan Indians Want Name Changed to Cherokee.”  Robesonian 3 Feb. 1910: 3.

580

“Croatan.”  Robesonian 24 Jan. 1910: 1.