Woods, Ruth Dial. “Growing up red: the Lumbee experience.” Diss. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2001. 222 p.
Angell, G. Brent, and G. Mark Jones. “Recidivism, risk, and resiliency among North American Indian parolees and former prisoners: an examination of the Lumbee First Nation.” Journal of ethnic & cultural diversity in social work 12.2 (2003): 61-77.