Jackson, George Pullen. White Spirituals in the Southern Upland. 1933. New York: Dover, 1965. Pp. 417-18.
Maynor, Malinda. “Making Christianity sing: the origins and experience of Lumbee Indian and African American church music.” In: Confounding the color line: the Indian-Black experience in North America. Ed. James F. Brooks. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 2002. Pages 321-345.
Maynor, Malinda. “Indians got rhythm: Lumbee and African American church song.” North Dakota Quarterly 67.3-4 (2000): 72-91.