Lerch, Patricia Barker. “State-Recognized Indians of North Carolina, Including a History of the Waccamaw Sioux.” Indians of the Southeastern United States in the Late Twentieth Century. Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P, 1992. Pp. 44-71.
Sider, Gerald M. Lumbee Indian histories: Race, ethnicity and Indian identity in the Southern United States.
Furman, McDonald. “Jim Smiling a Redbone: an interesting patriarch of unique people in privateer.” The State (Columbia, SC) 27 May 1897.