Payne, Alton W. “‘A Fool’s Errand’: The Discovery of a Proto-Lumbee Language. The True Origin of the Lumbee Indians.” Unpublished typescript. Sept. 1989. 34 p.
Relates place names in Lumbee country to the Maskohegan or Algonquian Indians. Extensive discussion of the place names Shoe Heel and Ashpole as well as the surnames Oxendine, Brooks, Braveboy, Dial, Lowrie, O’Berry, Revel, and Locklear.