Ransom, Ronald Gene. “The Tie that Binds: The Grandparent/Grandchild Relationship Among the Lumbee Indians of Robeson County, North Carolina.” Thesis. U of Arizona, 1989.
Interviewed 50 Lumbees on their recollected grandparent/grandchild relations. Identified four values grandparents used to aid the development of their grandchildren. Concludes that the strength of this relationship has dissolved.