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Reuter, Edward Byron. The Mulatto in the United States, Including a Study of the Role of Mixed-Blood Races Throughout the World. Boston: Richard G. Badger, 1918. Pp. 81-85.
Bizzell, Oscar M., ed. The Heritage of Sampson County, North Carolina. Newton Grove, NC: Sampson County Historical Society with Hunter Pub. Co., 1983. Pp. 83-84.
Berde, Stuart. Coharie Reemergence: Attaining Religious and Educational Freedom in Eastern North Carolina, 1850c-Present. Lumbee River Legal Services and Coharie Intra-Tribal Council, 1982.
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Stick, David. Roanoke Island: The Beginnings of English America. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1983. Pp. 231-33, 241-43, 245.
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