Encyclopedia Article


“Lumbee.”  Encyclopedia of World Cultures.  Vol. 1, North America.  Ed. Timothy J. O’Leary.  Boston: G. K. Hall, 1991.  Pp. 208-209.


Waldman, Carl.  “Lumbee.”  Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes.  New York: Facts on File, 1988.  Pp. 118-19.


Spicer, Edward H.  “Lumbees.”  Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups.  Ed. Stephen Thornstrom.  Cambridge: Belknap—Harvard UP, 1980.  Pp. 70-71.

Croatan Indians.

Mooney, James.  “Croatan Indians.”  Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico.  (Smithsonian Institution.  Bureau of American Ethnology.  Bulletin 30, part 1.)  Washington: Government Printing Office, 1907.  P. 365.  Rpt. in McPherson (entry 49), Exhibit M, pp. 251-252.


Blu, Karen I. “Lumbee.” Handbook of North American Indians. Vol. 14, Southeast. Ed. Raymond D. Fogelson. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 2004. Pages 319-327. Key source


Pritzker, Barry M. “Lumbee.” In: Native Americans: an encyclopedia of  history, culture, and peoples. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 1998. Vol. 2, pp. 552-3.


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