Klu Klux Klan routing of 1958

Sources

Record Number Citation
LOCK060

Locklear, James. “Painting captures Lumbee-Klan clash.” The Fayetteville Observer (Fayetteville, NC). October 19, 2015

Cart001

Carter, Stephen L. “Rename Redskins after NC Lumbee.” Newsobserver [Raleigh, NC] August 25, 2014.

1191

Klash Kluxer Kaput. Scrapbook compiled by Lacy Maynor. 

HARR002

Harrell, Hannah Beth. “‘Slap 'em around a little if you have to but don't hurt 'em’: the Lumbees and the Ku Klux Klan rally of 1958.” M.A. U of North Carolina at Charlotte, 2011.

OAKL004

Oakley, Christopher Arris. "'When Carolina Indians went on the warpath': The media, the Klan, and the Lumbees of North Carolina." Southern Cultures 14.4 (2008): 55-84.

SHO001

“Showdown at Hayes Pond: 50 years ago, the Ku Klux Klan met its match in a showdown with the Lumbee Indians.” Website, Fayetteville Observer, 2007.

COOK001

Cook, Andrew M. "'Thirty Thousand Half-Breeds' And 'Negroes with Guns': The Violent Formulation of Race in 1950s North Carolina."  Thesis (MA, History). U of New York College at Brockport, 2006. 80 pages.

YEAD001

Yeadon, Tim. “Hundreds mourn, remember Revels.” Greensboro News & Record (Greensboro, NC). July 14, 2003

JENK016

 Jenkins, Venita. “Maxton wants Tribe-Klan clash site.” Fayetteville Observer 20 March 2002.

TYSO001

Tyson, Timothy B. "Ku Klux Klan routing, January 18, 1958." Radio free Dixie: Robert F. Williams & the roots of Black power. Chapel Hill, NC: U of North Carolina P, 1999. 137-40.

WEST001

Weston, Mary Ann. Native Americans in the news: images of Indians in the twentieth century press. Westport, CT: Greenwood P, 1996. Pages 120-121. 

1200

Henderson, Bruce. “Robeson civic leader dies at 69: Simeon Oxendine won fame confronting Klan.” Charlotte Observer 28 Dec. 1988: 1B.

1199

Van Dyke, Jeffrey Alan. “Bedsheets and broadsheets: covering the Ku Klux Klan in North Carolina.” Thesis. U of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1986. Pp. 41-45, 55-57.

1198

Fox, Cynthia Gregory. “The Battle of Hayes Pond: The Ku Klux Klan versus the Lumbee Indians, Robeson County, North Carolina, 1958.” Thesis. East Carolina U, 1979.

1197

Craven, Charles. “The night the Klan died in North Carolina.” True Magazine March 1975. Rpt. in Carolina Indian Voice 22 Jan. 1976: 1, 4-6.

1196

“Oh, I remember them: Lumbees famous for routing … in 1958.” Greensboro Daily News 17 Jan. 1971: A15. 

1195

“State of North Carolina ex rel. John B. Regan, etc. v. Invisible Empire, United Klans, Knights Ku Klux Klan, etc., et al. Robeson County, North Carolina, Superior Court, March 17 and April 22, 1966.” Race Relations Law Reporter 11 (Fall 1966): 1162-65.

1194

“Membership in Klan is offered to Indians.” New York Times 22 March 1966: 43.

WOOD001

Wood, Rob. “Klan hopes to make peace with Lumbees.” Greensboro Daily News 21 March 1966: B1. 

SPEC001

“Special danger in Robeson justifies court injunction.” Charlotte Observer 19 March 1966. 

1193

Clay, Russell. “Injunction bars Klan from Robeson rally.” News and Observer 18 March 1966: 1.

1192

Barton, Lew. “Lumbee Indians Honored Seawell with 1959 ‘First American Award’.” The Lumbee 13 Jan. 1966: 2.

1190

Craven, Charles. “The Robeson County Indian uprising against the Ku Klux Klan.” South Atlantic Quarterly 57 (Autumn 1958): 433-42.

1188

Newman, John U., Jr. “We ran the Klan out of Carolina.” By a Lumbee woman as told to Newman. Official Detective Stories 28 (May 1958): 8-13.

1187

“Lumbee Indians form own news service.” News and Observer 10 April 1958: 23.

1189

Reynolds, Malvina. “The Battle of Maxton Field.” Sing Out! 8.1 (Spring 1958): 4-5.

1186

“Heap bad Kluxers armed with gun, Indian angry paleface run.” Ebony 13 (April 1958): 25-26, 28.

1185

“Klan Wizard Cole gets 2-year sentence; Titan Martin draws 12 months. Both free on bond; both file appeal.” Robesonian 14 March 1958: 1.

1183

Ruark, Henry G. “Fear Klan revival in the Carolinas.” Christian Century 75 (26 Feb. 1958): 257-58.

1182

“Indians back at peace and the Klan at bay.” Life 44 (3 Feb. 1958): 36-36A.

1184

“Lumbee Indians put Klansmen to rout in ‘uprising’.” The Amerindian [American Indian Review] 6.3 (Jan.-Feb. 1958): [1]-2.

1179

“Within the framework of law.” Greensboro Daily News 31 Jan. 1958: A6.

1181

“Indians rout the Klan.” Commonweal 67 (31 Jan. 1958): 446.

1180

“When Carolina Indians went on the warpath–.” U. S. News and World Report 44 (31 Jan. 1958): 14.

1177

“Southern Indians battle the Klan.” Christian Century 75 (29 Jan. 1958): 124.

1176

“King Katfish Kole kries against Robeson ....” Robesonian 28 Jan. 1958: 1.

1174

“North Carolina: Indian raid.” Newsweek 51 (27 Jan. 1958): 27.

1175

“Bad medicine for the Klan: North Carolina Indians break up Kluxers’ anti-Indian meeting.” Life 44 (27 Jan. 1958): 26-28.

1173

Grimsley, Will. “Robeson area is tensed as ugly rumors abound.” Winston-Salem Journal and Sentinel 26 Jan. 1958: 6A.

1172

Brown, Dick. “The Indians who routed the ‘Catfish’.” News and Observer 26 Jan. 1958: Sec. 3 p. 1.

1170

Cuthrell, Harold Glenn. “The charge of the Lumbee Indians.” Scottish Chief [Maxton, NC] 23 Jan. 1958: 1.

1171

“Redskins whoop Lumbee victory.” Robesonian 23 Jan. 1958: 1.

1169

“Judge deplores Klan entry into peaceful Indian land.” Robesonian 22 Jan. 1958: 1.

1166

“No Racial Rift.” Robesonian 21 Jan. 1958: 4.

1168

Ryan, Ethel. “Indians who crushed rally were mature tribesmen.” Greensboro Record 21 Jan. 1958: A1.

1167

“Cole faces indictment; disgusted … quits.” Robesonian 21 Jan. 1958: 1.

1164

“‘The Law’ Treads Lightly to Avert Maxton Violence.” Robesonian 20 Jan. 1958: 1.

1165

Morrison, Julian. “Sheriff Seeks Klan Leader's Indictment: Cole Accused of Inciting Riot Involving Indians and Ku Klux.” Greensboro Daily News 20 Jan. 1958: A1-3.

1162

“Cole Says His Rights Violated.” Greensboro Daily News 20 Jan. 1958: A1.

1163

“The Lumbees Ride Again.” Greensboro Daily News 20 Jan. 1958: 4A.

RAID001

“Raid by 500 Indians balks North Carolina Klan rally.” New York Times January 19, 1958, page 1.

1161

Morrison, Julian. “Armed Indians Break Up Klan Meeting.” Greensboro Daily News 19 Jan. 1958: 1.

1160

“Klan-Indian Violence Is Feared in Rural North Carolina Area.” New York Times 17 Jan. 1958: P. 10 col. 5.

1178