Settlements outside Robeson County (including Baltimore; Greensboro; Bulloch County, Georgia)

Sources

Record Number Citation
ROBE024

"ACP sparks lawsuit [Staff Report]." Robesonian [Lumberton, NC]. October 7, 2017.

JACO004

Jacobs, Chick. "Hurricane Matthew one year later: Heartache and resolve." Fayetteville Observer [Fayetteville, NC]. October 7, 2017.

WOOL013

Woolverton, Paul. "One year later, roundtable at UNC Pembroke focuses on Hurricane Matthew’s lessons." Fayetteville Observer [Fayetteville, NC]. October 5, 2017.

WINS001

"9 months after Hurricane Matthew, Lumberton woman finally moving home [Editorial]." Winston-Salem Journal [Winston-Salem, NC] July 23, 2017.

MURP002

Murphy, Brian and Quillin, Martha. "A new hurricane season is here. Why NC is still waiting for money to clean up from the last one." News & Observer [Raleigh, NC]. July 19, 2017.

JACO

Jacobs, Chick. "Cooper announces major funding for Robeson County." The Fayetteville Observer [Fayetteville, NC]. June 28, 2017.

SHIL078

Shiels, Bob. "Edge: State ‘intentionally delayed’ stalls project." The Robesonian [Lumberton, NC]. April 15, 2017.

TKAC001

Tkacik, Christina. "From the vault: American Indians in Maryland." Baltimore Sun [Maryland] November 16, 2016.

934

“The American Indian Study Center & Baltimore’s Indian Community.” Unpub. typescript. Baltimore: American Indian Study Center, N.d. 3 p. [EPFL]

988

“Guilford Native American Association, Inc.” Unpub. typescript. N.p., n.d.

950

“American Indian Study Center, Baltimore, MD.” Folder. [IERC]

JOHN005

Johnson, Jeannette L., Jan Gryczynski, and Shelley A. Wiechelt. "HIV/AIDS, substance abuse, and hepatitis prevention needs of Native Americans living in Baltimore: In their own words." AIDS education and prevention 19.6 (2007): 531–44.

MAYN008

Maynor, Malinda. "Finding wisdom in places: Lumbee family history." Indigenous diasporas and dislocations. Eds. Graham Harvey and Charles D. Thompson, Jr. Vitality of indigenous religions. Aldershot, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2005. 153-67.

SWOF001

Swofford, Stan. “Lumbee advocate remembers struggles; Lonnie Revels has pushed for economic development and educational opportunities for his people.” Greensboro News and Record (Greensboro, North Carolina) 30 March 2003. Reprinted in Carolina Indian Voice Thursday, April 17, 2003: 5.

JENK009

Jenkins, Venita. “Separate Lumbee group exists online.” Fayetteville Observer Sunday, 20 May 2001.

GASP001

Gasparoli, Tom. “Native American woman does her part to boost cultural links.” The Herald – Sun (Durham, N.C.) Sunday, December 3, 2000: page B1. 741 words.

FUTC006

Futch, Michael. “Lumbees coming home.” (Lumbees: The Trail North, Part 5.) Fayetteville Observer Sunday, 22 October 2000.

FUTC005

Futch, Michael. “Lumbees look to the future.” (Lumbees: The Trail North, Part 4.) Fayetteville Observer Sunday, 15 October 2000.

FUTC004

Futch, Michael. “Center gives Lumbees a sense of community.” (Lumbees: The Trail North, Part 3) Fayetteville Observer Sunday, 8 October 2000.

FUTC007

Futch, Michael. “Burnt Swamp meets Baltimore in Baptist church.” Fayetteville Observer Sunday, 1 October 2000.

FUTC003

Futch, Michael. “Lumbee church changes with community.” (Lumbees: The Trail North, Part 2.) Fayetteville Observer Sunday, 1 October 2000.

FUTC002

Futch, Michael. “Baltimore becomes Lumbee home away from homeland.” (Lumbees: The Trail North, Part 1.) Fayetteville Observer Sunday, 24 September 2000.

BART013

Barton, Bruce. “As I See It (column): Herbert H. Locklear remembered.” Carolina Indian Voice 27 April 2000: 2.

BERR001

Berry, C.B. “Cherry Grove draws Indians (Area History).” The Sun News (Myrtle Beach, SC). October 3, 1998

TOWL002

Towle, Lisa H. “Robeson repairing its image with efforts to boost tourism.” North Carolina (Raleigh: North Carolina Citizens for Business and Industry) 52.6 (June 1994): 28.

OMAR002

O'Mara, Richard. “Lumbee Indians seek end to a century of questions about identity.” Baltimore Sun (Maryland) Tuesday, 12 October 1993: 1A.

WILJ001

Wiljanen, Ursula. “Lumbee celebrate a rare heritage.” Tampa Tribune (Florida) 26 April 1993: Heartland section, page 1.

995

Letters, Lumbees and Lists. Statesboro, GA: Auspices, Bulloch County Historical Soc., 1993. Pp. 41-56.

CORE001

Corey, Mary. “Sunday Snapshots (column): Herbert Locklear.” Baltimore Sun (Maryland) 13 October 1991: 1H (Sunday).

1004

Urban, Rob. “Charlotte Indian Museum at Old Fireman’s Hall Is Dream Slow in Coming.” Charlotte Observer 11 March 1991: 1B.

969

Morris, Murl Dale. “Survey and Initiation of a Concept Proposal for the Implementation of a Community College Educational System Designed Specifically for the Needs of the Western Band of the United Lumbee Nation.” Diss. U of Mississippi, 1991.

ALLE002

Allen, James P., and Eugene Turner. “Where diversity reigns.” American Demographics 12.8 (August 1990): 34-38.

989

Moser, John J.  “Indians Worn Down by Neglect.”  Greensboro News & Record  1 May 1988: 1A.

1003

Clark, Kenneth D. “Lumbee Indian Migration to Detroit and Their Success in Adjustment.” Thesis. Bowling Green State U, 1988. 69 p.

1001

Chavis-Chitwood, Mary E. “Biography of James M. Chavis.” Unpublished typescript. 25 Dec. 1987. 21 p. [IERC]

967

Thompson, Leilani B. “A Proposal for Development and Use of Audio and Video Tape Recordings in the United Lumbee Nation of North Carolina and America.” Thesis. San Francisco State U, 1986.

968

United Lumbee Nation of North Carolina and America, Inc. “Clarified and Amended Constitution and By-laws.” N.p.: n.p., 1981; rev. 1986. [8] p.

994

Barton, Bruce. “Robeson County Indian Migration to the Claxton, Georgia Area.” Unpublished typescript. Dec. 1985. 300p. [IERC]

964

Skove, Cynthia. “Children Drop Out of School at an Alarming Rate.” Baltimore News American 5 Nov. 1985: 1A.

963

Skove, Cynthia. “Squabbling Sets Back Efforts to Help Indians.” Baltimore News American 3 Nov. 1985: 7A.

961

Skove, Cynthia. “Persistent Woes Plague Area’s Indian Population.” Baltimore News American 3 Nov. 1985: 1A.

962

Skove, Cynthia. “Fighting to Improve Their Lot.” Baltimore News American 3 Nov. 1985: 1A.

966

“Bureau of Indian Affairs. Final Determination that the United Lumbee Nation of North Carolina and America, Inc. Does Not Exist as an Indian Tribe. April 19, 1985.” Federal Register 50.85 (2 May 1985): 18746.

960

Makofsky, Abraham. “Demographics and Culture: The 1980 Census Report on Lumbee Indians of the Baltimore Metropolitan Area.” Maryland Historical Magazine 79.3 (Fall 1984): 239-46. [PSU-MLL]

987

Taylor, Vincent. “Lonnie Revels Honored for Service to Indians.” Greensboro News and Record 20 May 1984: D7.

965

“Memorandum ... Recommendation and Summary of Evidence for Proposed Finding Against Federal Acknowledgement of the United Lumbee Nation of North Carolina and America, Inc. Pursuant to 25 CFR 83.” Washington: Bureau of Indian Affairs, U.S. Dept. of Interior, [28 Mar. 1984]. 27 p.

959

Makofsky, Abraham. “Struggling to Maintain Identity: Lumbee Indians in Baltimore.” Anthropological Quarterly 55 (April 1982): 74-83. [PSU-MLL]

986

McIrvin, Ronald. “The Urban Indian: A Profile of the Greensboro Native American Population.” Urban Growth and Urban Life: Proceedings of the 3rd Urban Affairs Conference of N.C. Charlotte, 1981. Pp. 419-29. [UNC-WL]

958

The Baltimore American Indian Community: Issues & Recommendations Prepared for the Baltimore American Indian Center. [Baltimore, MD]: The Workshop, May 1980. 104 p.

957

Makofsky, Abraham. “Tradition and Change in the Lumbee Indian Community of Baltimore.” Maryland Historical Magazine 75.1 (1980): 55-71.

1002

Zucchino, David. “Lumbee Indians: On the Outside Looking In.” Detroit Free Press 21 Dec. 1979: 1C. Rpt. in CIV 8 May 1980: 2.

956

“Red Power Speaks Softly in South Baltimore.” Baltimore News American 15 Sept. 1979.

985

Marks, Eddie. “Locklear Honored as Indian of the Year.” Greensboro Daily News 24 June 1979: B1.

955

Robinson, John. “An Eternity of Job-Hunting for Lumbees.” Baltimore News American 12 May 1979.

954

Watson, Patricia. “The Lumbee Indians. Multi-Ethnicity in Maryland–Focus Baltimore–Workshop Project–Ethnic Data Project.” Unpublished typescript. 1979. [18] p. [EPFL]

984

“Indians to Plan Recognition Drive Here.” Greensboro Record 1 Dec. 1978: C1.

983

Cavin, Winston. “Indians in Guilford in ‘Catch-up Game’ but GNAA Helping.” Greensboro Daily News 15 Jan. 1978: B9.

SORK001

Sorkin, Alan L. The urban American Indian. Lexington, M.A.: Lexington Books, 1978. Pp. 72-75.

982

Alspaugh, Pat. “She Tries to Help Indians Create Pride in Themselves.” Greensboro Daily News 7 Dec. 1977: B3.

1000

“Demographic Overview of Indians in Metrolina.” Presented to the American Indian Policy Review Commission Task Force Hearings, Pembroke, 16-17 April 1976. Unpublished typescript and map. 5p. [IERC]

981

Schlosser, Jim. “Lumbees Ask School Aide.” Greensboro Record 20 Feb. 1976: B8.

999

Cumberland County Association for Indian People. “Written Statement for Task Force Ten.” Unpublished typescript. 1976. 12 p. [IERC]

953

Cunningham, Peggy. “Lumbees Feel Problems Have Been Exaggerated.” Baltimore News American 9 Nov. 1975.

952

Nawrozki, Joe. “Baltimore’s Forgotten Indians.” Baltimore News-American 19 Oct. 1975.

980

Tilley, Greta. “Lumbee Indians Left Farm to Find City Job Bias.” Greensboro Record 4 July 1975: B2.

979

Tilley, Greta. “Indians’ Image Barrier in School.” Greensboro Record 3 July 1975: B1.

978

Tilley, Greta. “Lumbees Aim to End ‘Invisible’ Status.” Greensboro Record 2 July 1975: A1.

951

Rohzon, T. “Indian Restaurant to Cook Up ... Jobs.” Baltimore Sun 27 Feb. 1975.

949

Henderson, Randi. “Indian Center Wants to Preserve Culture, Help Alcoholics.” Baltimore Sun 1 May 1974.

998

Bigony, Beatrice. “Migrants to the City: A Study of the Socioeconomic Status of Native Americans in Detroit and Michigan.” Diss. U of Michigan, 1974.

948

Miller, Sue. “City Schools Get Grant to Aid American Indian Students.” Baltimore Sun 4 Sept. 1973.

947

Makofsky, Abraham, and David Makofsky. “Class Consciousness and Culture: Class Identifications in the Lumbee Indian Community of Baltimore.” Anthropological Quarterly 46.4 (1973): 261-77. [PSU-MLL]

946

Locklear, H. “American Indian Myths.” Social Work 17 (May 1972): 72-80.

945

Perseghin, G. “Inner City Indians Enrolled.” Catholic Review 24 March 1972.

MAKO001

Makofsky, Abraham. "Tradition and change in the Lumbee Indian community of Baltimore." Dissertation Abstracts International, Vol. 32(8-B), Feb, 1972. pp. 4372.

944

Peck, John Gregory. “Urban Station–Migration of the Lumbee Indians.” Diss. U of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1972. [UNC-G]

943

Kang, K.. “Mrs. Locklear Seeks New Image for Indians.” Baltimore News American 28 July 1971.

942

Gaillard, Frye. “Cities Contradict Lumbees’ Values.” Race Relations Reporter 2 (21 June 1971): 6-9. [PSU-MLL] Rpt. as “The Lumbees Fight Back” in News and Observer 11 July 1971: Sec. 4 pp. 1, 7.

941

Jablow, Paul. “Lumbee Indians Gaining in Number but Losing Their Identity.” Baltimore Sun 9 May 1971.

977

Bledsoe, Jerry. “‘The Heart Is –Down Home’: Lumbees Return to Robeson County.” Greensboro Daily News 20 Jan. 1971: A1.

802

Bledsoe, Jerry. “ ... Still Suffering and Hungry: Desperately Poor Lumbees Are There If You Look.” Greensboro Daily News [Greensboro, NC] 18 Jan. 1971: A1.

940

Makofsky, Abraham. “Tradition and Change in the Lumbee Indian Community of Baltimore.” Diss. Catholic U of America, 1971. [UNC-G]

939

Grant, Sandra. “Adjusting to Different Pace, Ways of City Life Is Difficult for Indian.” Baltimore Evening Sun 1 Oct. 1970: F1.

938

Grant, Sandra. “Indian Study Center Is First Involving City’s Lumbees.” Baltimore Evening Sun 29 Sept. 1970: C1.

937

Grant, Sandra. “They Work Here But Their Ties Are Elsewhere.” Baltimore Evening Sun 28 Sept. 1970: C1. Rpt. Akwesasne Notes 3.2 (March 1971): 34.

936

Arnett, Karl. “Indian Center Symbolizes Fells Point Regeneration.” Baltimore Sun 22 Sept. 1970: B1.

935

Pietila, Antero. “Indian Study Center to Open.” Baltimore Sun 12 June 1970.

797

“Lumbees on the Warpath for Industry.” Greensboro Record 23 March 1970: A13.

933

Peck, John Gregory. Education of Urban Indians: Lumbee Indians in Baltimore. (National Study of American Indian Education, Series II, no. 3.) Washington: Office of Education, Bureau of Research, Aug. 1969. ERIC ED 039 977

932

Amanullah, Mohammod. “The Lumbee Indians: Patterns of Adjustment.” Toward Economic Development for Native American Communities: A Compendium of Papers. Vol. 1, Part 1: Development Prospects and Problems. U.S. Congress. Subcomm. on Economy in Government. Joint Economic Committee. 1969. Pp. 277-98. [PSU-MLL]

974

“The City–Indians’ Limbo Land.” Greensboro Record 7 Aug. 1968: D1.

975

Cheek, L. “Lumbees: A Silent Struggle.” Greensboro Record 7 Aug. 1968: D1.

976

Schlosser, J. “Aid Plans: Hit and Miss.” Greensboro Record 7 Aug. 1968: D1.

931

Parker, Roy, Jr. “Lumbees Leaving Robeson for Baltimore City Life.” News and Observer 5 Nov. 1967: Sec. 1 p. 6.

930

Murphy, Edith. “On the Trail of the Lumbees.” The VISTA Volunteer 3.10 (October 1967): 4-8. [PSU-MLL]

929

“City Revamps Aid to Lumbees.” Baltimore Sun 18 June 1967.

928

Batten, James K. “Lumbee Indians Flock to ‘Reservation’ in Baltimore.” Washington Post 8 Jan. 1967: B10.

927

Carroll, John S. “Baltimore’s Lumbees: Lost Colonists?” Baltimore Sun 27 June 1966.

973

Marsh, John. “Church Beckons, and–Lumbees Find a Place to Go.” Greensboro Record 18 Jan. 1966: B1.

972

“Greensboro Chapel Has Lumbee Indians As Entire Congregation.” Robesonian 8 March 1965: 4.

971

Price, Charles. “City Has ‘Tribe’ of Croatan Indians.” Greensboro Record 2 Jan. 1963: B1.

970

“Indians Hold Pow-Wow; Discrimination Denied.” News and Observer 29 Dec. 1959: 16.

926

“Mystery People of Baltimore.” Ebony 12 (Sept. 1957): 70-73

925

Stump, William. “Indians Mark a Successful Initial Year on a Farm in St. Marys County.” Baltimore Sun 24 Dec. 1950.

924

Stump, W. “Maryland–Home of the Braves.” Baltimore Evening Sun 28 May 1950.

997

Berry, Brewton. “The Mestizos of South Carolina.” American Journal of Sociology 51 (July 1945): 34-41.

996

Adams, H. “Indians Plan Gala Reunion; Red Men in Harnett County Prepare to Greet Brothers from Afar.” Charlotte Observer 14 Aug. 1938: Sec. 4 p. 8.

SMIT004

Smith, Elizabeth. "An analysis of a 'Croatan' community." Unpublished report. 1925 . 10 pages.

993

"Georgia Indian Settlement: Indian Population Increased from North Carolina.” Robesonian 25 June 1914: 7.

992

Harding, A. B. “Sojourning in Georgia–A Prosperous Colony of Indians.” Robesonian 3 Oct. 1910: 3.

991

Avary, James C. “Are There Croatans in Georgia? A Peculiar Race of People There, Said to Have Gone from North Carolina. Correspondence from New York Sun.” [Newspaper article, 27 Dec. 1909]

990

Goins, W. W. “High Purpose of Croatan Indians: A Colony in Georgia.” Robesonian 9 Sept. 1909: 4.

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