WORL001. “World War II Honor list of dead and missing Army and Army Air Force personnel from North Carolina. 29. (MWCTM-407-WWIICASARMY-NC)”
Forde, Kathy Roberts. “On the swamps: the politics of language, landscape and Lumbee identity.” The Independent Weekly (Durham, NC) December 6, 2000.
Robeson County NCGenWeb [part of The U.S. GenWeb Project]. Maintained by Victoria Proctor.
Knick, Stanley. “Because it is right.” The Museum of the Southeast American Indian Center. U of North Carolina at Pembroke, 1998. Updated 29 September 2010. Key source
“Robeson County.” In: The North Carolina County Photography Collection. North Carolina Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.