102nd Cong. 1st Session. Provide for the Recognition of the Lumbee Tribe of Cheraw Indians of North Carolina. Joint Hearing, House Comm. on Interior and Insular Affairs and Senate Select Comm. on Indian Affairs, on H.R. 1426 and S. 1036. Dated 1 Aug. 1991. Serial no. 102-JH 1. 274 p. Y4.In8/14: 102-JH 1. Washington: GPO, 1993.
Includes statements from Ron Eden (BIA), F. H. Faleomavaega (American Samoa), Adolph Blue, Ruth Locklear, Jack Campisi, Welton Lowry, Johnnie P. Bullard, Claude Lowry, Arlinda Locklear, Leola Locklear, George Waters and Jonathan Taylor (Eastern Band of Cherokees), Glenn Miller (Menominee), and Lloyd Powless (Oneida). Jack Campisi believes the Lumbee meet every criteria for federal recognition, with the possible exception of never having been subject to Congressional termination. He addresses the problem of the BIA’s requirement that the tribe document descent from an historic tribe. Siouan groups were almost totally decimated by the 18th century, but the BIA wants additional 18th-century documentation.