Sports and athletics

Key Sources

Record Number Citation
BRAY009

Brayboy, Tim, and Bruce Barton. Playing before an overflow crowd: the story of Indian basketball in Robeson, North Carolina, and adjoining counties. Chapel Hill, NC: Chapel Hill P, 2003. 201 pages. Key source

Sources

Record Number Citation
UNCP007

"UNC Pembroke, Lumbee Tribe make Riverside a cross-country site." Robesonian [Lumberton, NC] August 11, 2016.

WALK003

Walker, Richard. "Olympics-Bound Ashton Locklear: 'Indian Country is in My Heart!'" Indian Country Today Media Network July 21, 2016.

FOWL001

Fowler, Scott. "Huntersville gymnast Ashton Locklear in Olympics limbo, but still celebrating." newsobserver.com [Raleigh, NC] July 15, 2016.

MEAC002

Meacham, Jody. "Lumbee gymnast Ashton Locklear named alternate for U.S. Olympics team." Robesonian [Lumberton, NC]. July 12, 2016. 

MEAC001

Meacham, Jody. "Lumbee gymnast Ashton Locklear aims to make up ground at Olympic Trials." The Robesonian (Lumberton, NC). July 9, 2016

GRAV001

Graves, Will. "A battle for the final spot." The Robesonian (Lumberton, NC). July 8, 2016

WALK002

Walker, Richard. "Good Luck Ashton Locklear! Lumbee Olympic Gymnastics Hopeful." Indian Country. July 8, 2016

LITS001

Litsky, Frank. "Universities punished for coach's violations." New York Times May 26 2006, sec. D: 2.

COUC001

Couch, Greg. "A cheater 'learns,' but mostly just earns." Chicago Sun-Times Friday May 26 2006, sec. Sports: 124.

INDI004

"Indiana didn't do Sampson any favors." Sporting News April 14 2006: 67.

MORA001

Moran, Malcolm. "Sampson ready for rigors of Indiana; New coach a clear split from Knight era." USA Today Thursday March 30 2006, sec. Sports: 5C.

TATA001

Stilling, Glenn Ellen Starr. Chris Chavis (Tatanka). Unpublished essay.

KING002

King, C. Richard, Stilling, Glenn Ellen Starr. “Gene Locklear.” Native Americans in Sports Vol. 1. 2004.

KING003

King, C. Richard, Stilling, Glenn Ellen Starr. “Dwight Lowry.” Native Americans in Sports Vol. 1. 2004.

KING004

King, C. Richard, Stilling, Glenn Ellen Starr. “Joseph Bruce Oxendine.” Native Americans in Sports Vol. 2. 2004.

KING001

King, C. Richard, Stilling, Glenn Ellen Starr. “Harold Collins.” Native Americans in Sports Vol. 1. 2004. 

KING005

King, C. Richard, Stilling, Glenn Ellen Starr. “Kelvin Sampson.” Native Americans in Sports Vol. 2. 2004.

DEIT001

Deitsch, Richard. “New world order: after years of battling for fair opportunities, people of color are finally running the show (in some places) and driving the economics of sports [The 101 most influential minorities in sports].” Sports Illustrated 98 no. 8 (May 5, 2003): 38+.

BIGE002

Bigelow, Scott. “Kelvin Sampson comes home to Pembroke.” University Newswire (University of North Carolina at Pembroke) April 29, 2003. Reprinted in: Carolina Indian Voice May 1, 2003, p. 1.

LOCK030

Locklear, Mark. “UNCP will wait on nickname decision.” Robesonian Tuesday, 29 April 2003.

YOUN001

Young, Ryan. “UNC-Pembroke: Indians like logo.” USA Today Friday, April 25, 2003. 456 words.

STAT001

“State Board debates American Indian mascot resolution.” Associated Press State & Local Wire 1 May 2002.

LOCK015

Locklear, James. “Former pro baseball player swings soul into painting.” Fayetteville Observer Friday, 6 July 2001.

SCHL001

Schlosser, Jim. “Swinging at history: Lumbee Indian pursues PGA Tour spot.” News & Record (Greensboro, NC) Tuesday, 24 April 2001. 810 words.

MEHR001

Mehrtens, Cliff. “Indian mascots secure for now? Panel: As long as behavior inoffensive.” Charlotte Observer 17 February 2001: 1B.

GARL001

Garland, Greg. “Proposal seeks to end Indian teams; suggested resolution would direct schools to stop nickname use.” Baltimore Sun (Maryland) Tuesday, 6 February 2001: page 1B. 737 words.

PETE001

Peterson, Stacy. “Strong man Collins powers way to world record.” Fayetteville Observer (Fayetteville, NC) Friday, 12 January 2001.

POWE001

Powers-Beck, Jeffrey. “ ‘Chief.’ ” American Indian Quarterly 25.4 (Fall 2001): 508- (32 pages).

BONH001

Bonham, Chad. Wrestling with God: 10 Stories of modern day warriors who came face to face with the Creator. Tulsa, OK: RiverOak Publishing, 2001. See Chapter 1, “Tatanka,” pages 15-35.

BUFF001

“Buffaloe selected as N. C. delegate to U. S.'s largest karate tournament.” Carolina Indian Voice 7 September 2000: 1.

MAKI001

“The making of a Lumbee role model; Jammie Deese is the name to remember.” Carolina Indian Voice 20 April 2000: 1.

ROOT001

O'Kane, Dan. “Roots and reality: Sampson must 'have a cause' to stay on top.” Tulsa World (Oklahoma) 14 March 2000.

BART006

Barton, Bruce. “As I See It (column): Dwight Lowry remembered at the NCHSAA.” Carolina Indian Voice Thursday, February 10, 2000: page 2.

CERI001

Ceriano, Valerie. “Athletes beat prejudice, graciously accept plaque.” American Indian Report February 2000: page 28.

SWAI001

Swain, Glenn. “Native American high school athletes lauded; for 13 years after Brown v. Board of Education, students couldn't play in state high school playoffs.” Herald-Sun (Durham, NC) 24 October 1999.

OXEN001

Oxendine, Joseph B. “Indian mascots derogatory to Native Americans.” Charlotte Observer 10 March 1999.

MAYN007

Maynor-Clark, Vinita. “World's strongest man, Chief Iron Bear, to compete in U.S. Strongest Man competition.” Carolina Indian Voice 24 September 1998: 1.

VAUG001

Vaughan, Earl, Jr. “Indian history; men seek to keep memories alive.” Fayetteville (NC) Observer Tuesday, 7 April 1998.

ROAC001

Roach, Donald. “University of Oklahoma-Norman in the game.” Black Issues in Higher Education 14.20 (November 27, 1997): 33.

BATT001

Batten, Sammy. “Lowry's love of children was foremost.” Fayetteville Observer-Times (North Carolina) 15 August 1997.

MEAD001

Meadows, Bob. “Lumbee pride, enterprise define, design heritage gear.” Charlotte Observer (North Carolina) 4 April 1997 (Friday): 1C, 8C.

LENT001

“Tatanka.” In: Biographical dictionary of professional wrestling. By Harris M. Lentz, III. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1997. P. 324.

SOON001

“Sooners go with Sampson.” Robesonian 26 April 1994: B1.

SLOA001

Sloan, Bob. “World record; Pembroke's Collins places himself among Guiness (sic) greats by pulling 86,560 pounds.” Robesonian 14 April 1994: 1B.

JAME001

James, Beverly. “Human tractor sets big goals, has lots of pull.” Charlotte Observer 10 April 1994: 1B.

910

Peguise, Tiffany. “Coming Home: Martial Arts Expert Buffaloe Returns to Pembroke ...” Robesonian 30 June 1993: 1B.

881

Locklear, Barbara Braveboy. “Pembroke Manufacturer Earns Blue Chip Award.” Robesonian 20 June 1993: D1.

907

Nye, R.  “Collins to Take On World’s Best.”  Robesonian 1 Nov. 1992: 7B.

WHIT001

White, Paul. “Franklin man teaches ‘street’ karate.” The Virginian-Pilot (Norfolk, VA). October 11, 1992

909

Sloan, Bob. “Locklear Fairs (sic) Well at Giants’ Spring Training.” Robesonian 15 April 1992: 1B.

908

Quillin, Martha. “Pembroke, Home of the Braves, Shies Away from Mascot’s Image.” News and Observer [Raleigh, NC] 6 Feb. 1992: 1A.

906

Sloan, Bob. “A Long Mission Completed.” Robesonian 4 Aug. 1991: 1B.

MARK001

Marks, Stuart A. Southern history in black and white: nature, history, and ritual in a North Carolina community. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1991. 327 pages.

905

Oxendine, Joseph B. American Indian Sports Heritage. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Books, 1988. Pp. 275, 299-303.

LAPO001

Lapointe, Joe. “Tiger Rookie Lowry: he's still a quiet guy, even on his big day.” Detroit Free Press (Michigan) 21 May 1984: 1D. (Monday).

891

“PSC Athlete Signed by Bucs.” Robesonian 5 Nov. 1954: 7.

890

Norment, Bill. “Oxendine Sweeps All-Star Honors.” [Newspaper article, 1952?]

AMSL001

“American strength legends: Chief Iron Bear Collins.”